Artisanal and Small Scale Mining

The present report constitutes the final stage of the work developed by the consultant during six-month period he was hosted at the African Minerals Development Centre (AMDC). The present study is part of the implementation of the Africa Mining Vision’s (AMV) and the Action Plan for the implementation of the AMV (2012), pillar on Artisanal and Small Scale Mining (ASM). The vision advocates for “transparent, equitable and optimal exploitation of mineral resources to underpin broad-based sustainable growth and socio-economic development”. The vision is essentially a strategy for integrating Africa’s mining and mineral sector into its broader social and economic development processes, and in this manner, addresses the persistent poverty and lack of development. The present study aimed at reviewing the current policies in selected African Countries in order to determine the extent to which they support the viability of the Artisanal and Small Scale Mining sector, and the extent to which the sector is gender sensitive. The study also aims at guiding the AMDC assistance into the ASM sector by mapping the legislative framework and identifying the needs and challenges of the governments in making the sector viable and contributor to poverty alleviation in Africa. The focus on Governments and the miners as the main players was an attempt to simplify a complex equation of multiple variables that include among many, researchers, civil society, industry, market and others.

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