What is Artisanal Mining?

Artisanal Mining is that which is characterised by manual labour or zero mechanization; zero geological knowledge; zero or very low start-up capital; is usually unfavourable due to lack of adequate specific policy and regulatory frameworks; is sometimes formal (with precarious mining passes/cards) but mostly informal; not organized (although sometimes organised into associations and mining in designated areas); has a complex and disadvantageous market structure (generally getting less than half of the world market price due to interdependency with sponsors, land owners and buyers); highly m