What is Artisanal Mining?

Artisanal Mining is characterised by manual labour or minimal-to-no mechanization; minimal-to-no geological knowledge; minimal-to-no start-up capital; is usually unfavourable or ‘unbankable’ due to lack of adequate specific policy and regulatory frameworks; is sometimes formal (with precarious mining passes/cards) but mostly informal; difficult to describe as organised (although sometimes organised into associations and mining in designated areas); has a complex and a disadvantageous market structure that generally gets less than half of the world market price due to interdependency with sponsors, land owners and buyers)

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