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Political Economy & Strategic Standpoints | Social and Environmental Factors | Local linkages | ASM Sites in Zambia

Zambia is well endowed in mineral resources which include: Cooper, Cobalt, Gemstones, Coal, Nickel, Manganese, Industrial minerals (dimension stones, limestone, aggregates, dolomites, sand (and silica sand), Tin and Gold. The mining is done by at least 12 large scale mines (medium scale), more than 400 small scale miners and non-specified number of illegal miners and artisanal miners who are estimated to be over 500 thousand.

Country Mining Vision Status

CMV Processes Underway.

Policies, Laws and Regulations Currently in Effect

Minerals Resources Development Policy Of Zambia, 2013

Zambia Mines and Minerals Development Act, 2008

ASM Associations or Cooperatives

I. AZWIM: Association for Zambian Women in Mining

II. FSSMAZ: Federation of Small-Scale Mining Association of Zambia

ASM Definition Criterion

Nationality; concession size; technical and financial capacity

ASM Licensing

Artisanal: YES

Small Scale Mining: YES

ASM Minerals or Metals Exploited

Precious Metals Gold

Base Metals Cooper, Cobalt, Nickel, Manganese, Tin

Precious Stones Gemstones

Development Minerals Dimension stones, limestone, aggregates, dolomites, sand/silica

Mining Code Provisions for Women in ASM

Mineral Resources Development Policy of Zambia; 2013 Chapter 7.14 Gender

Government will mainstream gender in the mining sector by:

i. Supporting gender equality in the mining sector through mining legislation;

ii. Promoting the participation of women in mineral sciences educational programmes; and

iii. Providing support to ensure equal opportunities for both men and women participation in mining.

Zambia Mines and Minerals Development Act; 2008 Section 150/Mining Advisory Committee

(3) The Minister shall in appointing the members of the Committee ensure that

(a) Thirty percent of the members are women; and

(b) where the Chairperson is a man, the Vice-Chairperson shall be a woman.


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Finance and credit

Financial assistance to ASM in Zambia is not a new phenomenon considering that at one stage government had created a revolving fund for the mining sector, but the scheme has since stopped. It can be revived to give assistance in equipment hire and provision of business management training aligned to ASM mining activity; business linkages payments between business support providers, technology supply agencies and ASM miners/cooperatives/associations.

Extension services - a phased approach to integration and capacity-building

Zambia does have provision of technical extension services (at both the regional and central level) on mining methods, geological assessment and support on how to comply with the law. The technical extension services also inspect ASM sites, guide miners on how to comply with law and assist the ASM miners with conflict resolution.

Marketing and quality

Base metal ASM producers sell their raw production to large scale miners (LSM), especially to the Chinese Companies due to lack of processing facilities.